Interventions to mitigate against the adverse effects of the COVID-19 related employment changes on health and health equity of current and future generations in Wales

Active labour market policies
General health
Physical health
Mental health
Psychological wellbeing
Child outcomes
Health equity / inequity
Active labour market programmes (combining different policy measures) 4 1 8 7 5
Youth programmes 2
Education and training programmes 1 3 6 2 3
Job creation 2 2 1
Job search assistance 3 1
Benefit sanctions 2 3 1
Passive labour market policies
General health
Physical health
Mental health
Psychological wellbeing
Child outcomes
Health equity / inequity
Benefits and income transfers to the unemployed 9 3 4 7 8
Covid-19 related labour market policies
General health
Physical health
Mental health
Psychological wellbeing
Child outcomes
Health equity / inequity
Job retention scheme 1 2
Kickstart scheme 1 1
Shorter working week 3 3
Family support policies
General health
Physical health
Mental health
Psychological wellbeing
Child outcomes
Health equity / inequity
Family support policies (combining different policy measures) 1
Free or affordable childcare 6 2
Family allowances 1 6 2
Parental leave 2 1 7 3
'Welfare-to-Work’ interventions 2 3 2 2 2 4
Income transfers
General health
Physical health
Mental health
Psychological wellbeing
Child outcomes
Health equity / inequity
Universal basic income 4 4 1 7 3 6
Tax credit and cash transfers 1 2 2 1
Labour legislation
General health
Physical health
Mental health
Psychological wellbeing
Child outcomes
Health equity / inequity
Flexicurity 2 1 1 1 2
Flexible arrangements 1 1
Employment protection legislation 2 2 1 5 2 7
Minimum or living wages 2 4 2 3 1 4
Active labour market policies: Active labour market programmes (combining different policy measures)
General health 4
Physical health 1
Mental health 8
Psychological wellbeing 7
Child outcomes
Health equity / inequity 5
Active labour market policies: Youth programmes
General health
Physical health
Mental health 2
Psychological wellbeing
Child outcomes
Health equity / inequity
Active labour market policies: Education and training programmes
General health 1
Physical health 3
Mental health 6
Psychological wellbeing 2
Child outcomes
Health equity / inequity 3
Active labour market policies: Job creation
General health
Physical health
Mental health 2
Psychological wellbeing 2
Child outcomes
Health equity / inequity 1
Active labour market policies: Job search assistance
General health
Physical health
Mental health 3
Psychological wellbeing 1
Child outcomes
Health equity / inequity
Active labour market policies: Benefit sanctions
General health
Physical health 2
Mental health 3
Psychological wellbeing
Child outcomes
Health equity / inequity 1
Passive labour market policies: Benefits and income transfers to the unemployed
General health 9
Physical health 3
Mental health 4
Psychological wellbeing 7
Child outcomes
Health equity / inequity 8
Covid-19 related labour market policies: Job retention scheme
General health
Physical health 1
Mental health 2
Psychological wellbeing
Child outcomes
Health equity / inequity
Covid-19 related labour market policies: Kickstart scheme
General health
Physical health
Mental health
Psychological wellbeing 1
Child outcomes
Health equity / inequity 1
Covid-19 related labour market policies: Shorter working week
General health
Physical health
Mental health 3
Psychological wellbeing 3
Child outcomes
Health equity / inequity
Family support policies: Family support policies (combining different policy measures)
General health
Physical health
Mental health 1
Psychological wellbeing
Child outcomes
Health equity / inequity
Family support policies: Free or affordable childcare
General health
Physical health
Mental health
Psychological wellbeing
Child outcomes 6
Health equity / inequity 2
Family support policies: Family allowances
General health 1
Physical health
Mental health
Psychological wellbeing
Child outcomes 6
Health equity / inequity 2
Family support policies: Parental leave
General health
Physical health 2
Mental health 1
Psychological wellbeing
Child outcomes 7
Health equity / inequity 3
Family support policies: 'Welfare-to-Work’ interventions
General health 2
Physical health 3
Mental health 2
Psychological wellbeing 2
Child outcomes 2
Health equity / inequity 4
Income transfers: Universal basic income
General health 4
Physical health 4
Mental health 1
Psychological wellbeing 7
Child outcomes 3
Health equity / inequity 6
Income transfers: Tax credit and cash transfers
General health 1
Physical health 2
Mental health
Psychological wellbeing
Child outcomes 2
Health equity / inequity 1
Labour legislation: Flexicurity
General health 2
Physical health 1
Mental health 1
Psychological wellbeing 1
Child outcomes
Health equity / inequity 2
Labour legislation: Flexible arrangements
General health
Physical health 1
Mental health 1
Psychological wellbeing
Child outcomes
Health equity / inequity
Labour legislation: Employment protection legislation
General health 2
Physical health 2
Mental health 1
Psychological wellbeing 5
Child outcomes 2
Health equity / inequity 7
Labour legislation: Minimum or living wages
General health 2
Physical health 4
Mental health 2
Psychological wellbeing 3
Child outcomes 1
Health equity / inequity 4

More information about the map and the methodology used in this research can be found here.

This evidence map was published in May 2021.

Researched and developed by

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© 2021 Alma Economics, Public Health Wales NHS Trust. Material contained in this document may be reproduced under the terms of the Open Government Licence (OGL) www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3/ provided it is done so accurately and is not used in a misleading context. Acknowledgement to Alma Economics, Public Health Wales NHS Trust to be stated. Copyright in the typographical arrangement, design and layout belongs to Alma Economics, Public Health Wales NHS Trust.